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Boosting athletic performance with EEG neurofeedback

Stephanie Hsu

Sports, eeg, performance, mindfulness, sleep

In sports, achieving
peak performance requires more than physical training – it demands sharp focus and mental agility. Athletes are continually seeking ways to improve their concentration, manage stress, and unlock their full potential on the field or court, even during sleep cycles. One study published in 2020 offers an exciting perspective – it presents EEG neurofeedback as a potent tool in optimizing meditation practices.

This blog explores research on EEG neurofeedback and its potential to revolutionize sports performance. We also discuss how the Muse 2 Headband / the Muse S Headband can support athletes in their journey.

Brain health
and its impact on sports performance

Before diving into the benefits of EEG neurofeedback, it's essential to understand the importance of brain health in sports performance. Based on the 2022 Muse’s Brain Health report, Americans ranked focus second in importance to brain health. A healthy brain plays a crucial role in an athlete's ability to focus, react quickly, and maintain resilience under pressure. By nurturing brain health, athletes can enhance their cognitive abilities, leading to improved overall performance.

Understanding the impact of
mindfulness on sports

Mindfulness-based practices, such as meditation, have been extensively studied for their numerous benefits. People who meditate often practice to improve their concentration, manage stress, increase feelings of calm, boost mental performance, and improve well-being.

Studies have found that mindfulness-based practices (like meditation) can:

  • Benefit attention and focus skills [1]
  • Increase resilience and benefit overall well-being [1]
  • Reduce stress and improve our ability to cope with it [2]
  • Improve our experience of anxious or depressive thoughts [3]
  • Strengthen our ability to cope with difficult emotions [3]
  • Reduce blood pressure and inflammation, and improve pain responses [4]

In fact, one study found that just 5 minutes of meditation can benefit stress levels and overall well-being [3]So if you’re curious about how you can access these potential benefits and improve your awareness and concentration during meditation — neurofeedback could be the answer.

Sports, eeg, performance, mindfulness, sleep

EEG neurofeedback for sports performance

Neurofeedback, a form of biofeedback, is a technique that supports healthy brain functioning. Using an electroencephalogram (EEG) device to monitor brain waves, this approach provides feedback to the athlete whenever brain activity indicates non-optimal mental states or distractions. Neurofeedback has also been used to manage ADHD, insomnia, substance addiction, anxiety, depression, pain, stroke recovery, distraction, attention problems, and more [5].

Using EEG neurofeedback to improve focused attention meditation

A 2020 study conducted by researchers Hugh Hunkin, Daniel L. King, and Ian T. Zajac explored the influence of neurofeedback on meditation. By incorporating neurofeedback into meditation, the researchers sought to determine if it could enhance mindfulness and concentration.

Key findings from the study include:

  • Meditators who used EEG neurofeedback had a 15% higher chance of accurately tracking their breath count.
  • Neurofeedback reduced instances of meditators losing track of their breath count by 41%.
  • Meditators using neurofeedback experienced fewer episodes of mind wandering.
  • Neurofeedback contributed to reducing fatigue and promoting focused alertness.

Muse's pioneering EEG headset, for athletes

Tools like the Muse 2 Headband / the Muse S Headband provide essential real-time monitoring of mental activity for athletes, making neurofeedback an indispensable tool in their training. Its advanced algorithms can identify distinct patterns of brain activity associated with optimal performance states, providing feedback to guide the athlete toward their peak mental performance.

Muse has been tested and validated against EEG systems that are exponentially more expensive, and neuroscientists worldwide use it for real-world research in labs and beyond.

Explore how Muse combats burnout > 

Understanding the impact of neurofeedback on sports performance

The clear-cut raw data from this study indicate that neurofeedback not only diminishes mind-wandering and lessens the need for cues to redirect attention but also enhances accuracy in the breath-counting task. This is a strong suggestion that neurofeedback can positively augment focus and curtail mind-wandering, which can provide athletes with a heightened sense of emotional control, leading to improved performance. Additionally, the reduction in performance-related stress highlights the potential for neurofeedback to foster a state of relaxed alertness, ideal for athletes seeking to achieve their peak mental state on the field.

In the fourth episode of the Netflix's hit series, Quarterback, viewers get a glimpse into the lives and training routines of quarterbacks like Kirk Cousins. Cousins, the starting quarterback for the Minnesota Vikings, unveils his secret to top-notch performance in this episode. He incorporates neurofeedback into his training regimen to sharpen his mental capabilities.

Neurofeedback enables Cousins to enhance his focus, self-control over mood, and reaction time. This proves invaluable for quarterbacks who encounter high-stress situations demanding quick decision-making and unwavering precision on the field.

<< Discover how the Muse 2 Headband / the Muse S Headband could support your meditation journey >>

Sleep and sports performance

In the world of sports, adequate sleep plays a critical role in an athlete's overall performance and recovery. Sleep is the body's natural way of restoring and rejuvenating both the physical and mental aspects of an athlete's well-being.

EEG neurofeedback can also play a role in improving sleep quality for athletes. By helping individuals regulate their brain activity and achieve a state of relaxation, neurofeedback can promote better sleep patterns and a more restful night's sleep. When athletes are well-rested, they are better equipped to face the physical and mental challenges that come with competitive sports.

The Muse S Headband, with its ability to monitor brain activity and provide feedback on mental states, can also be used as a valuable tool in assessing sleep patterns. Athletes can track their brain activity during sleep and identify any patterns or disruptions that may be affecting their rest. Armed with this knowledge, they can make adjustments to their sleep routines to optimize rest and recovery.

Sports, eeg, performance, mindfulness, sleep


Incorporating neurofeedback into sports performance training can revolutionize an athlete's mental game, enhancing focus and mental resilience. As athletes continue to explore mindfulness-based practices for sports performance, tools like Muse’s EEG headset could become essential in unlocking their full potential and pushing the boundaries of athletic achievements.

Are you ready to improve your meditation practice and elevate your athletic performance to new heights? Explore our Performance Collection and over 500 guided meditations led by 20+ meditation experts from around the world with the Muse App. With meditations designed to target stress, confidence, focus, performance, sleep and more, there’s sure to be a meditation to suit your goals.

Learn more about how you can pair your meditation practice with the Muse S EEG Headband to begin training your focus for better concentration HERE >>

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